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How is a Neurologist different from a Psychiatrist?

psychiatrist vs neurologist

Difference between Neurologist and Psychiatrist

When it comes to mental health, most people don’t know the difference between a neurologist and a psychiatrist. They may think that they are the same or that a neurologist is only for diagnosing brain injuries and diseases, while a psychiatrist is for treating mental illness. While both professions deal with aspects of mental health, there are some key differences between them. In this blog post, we will explore those differences.


A neurologist has a medical degree (MD) and completes 4 years of residency in neurology. A psychiatrist has an MD and completes 4 years of residency in psychiatry.



To become a board-certified neurologist, one must pass an exam administered by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN). There is no equivalent certification process for psychiatrists.


A neurologist may treat conditions such as epilepsy, stroke, and dementia. A psychiatrist may treat depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder.


Some neurologists specialize in certain brain areas or diseases, such as pediatric neurology or movement disorders. Some psychiatrists specialize in certain areas of mental health, such as addiction psychiatry or child and adolescent psychiatry.


A neurologist is trained to use tests such as MRIs and CT scans to diagnose conditions. A psychiatrist is trained to use various methods, including clinical interviews and psychological testing, to diagnose mental illness.


Neurologists often treat their patients with medication. Psychiatrists also often prescribe medication, but they may also provide other types of treatment, such as psychotherapy.

Location of Practice

Neurologists typically work in hospitals or clinics. Psychiatrists may work in various settings, including hospitals, clinics, private practices, and government agencies.


According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median salary for neurologists in 2018 was $208,000. The median salary for psychiatrists in 2018 was $220,380.

Difference between neurologist and psychiatrist on Job Outlook

The job outlook for neurologists is good, with an expected growth rate of 14% from 2018 to 2028. The job outlook for psychiatrists is also good, with an expected growth rate of 11% from 2018 to 2028.

Difference in Focus

Neurologists focus on the nervous system and brain, while psychiatrists focus on the mind.


There is some overlap between the duties of neurologists and psychiatrists. For example, both may diagnose and treat mental illness.


Neurologists typically see patients who have conditions such as epilepsy, stroke, or dementia. Psychiatrists typically see patients who have depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder.

Working Hours

Neurologists often work long hours, especially in residency. Psychiatrists typically work fewer hours than neurologists.

fort lauderdale neurologist


Neurologists conduct a great deal of research on brain diseases and disorders. Psychiatrists also research mental illness, but to a lesser extent than neurologists.



Neurologists often teach medical students and residents. Psychiatrists may also teach medical students and residents.

Contact Dr. Jeff Steinberg For More Information

Dr. Jeff Steinberg is an expert neurologist Fort Lauderdale with years of experience in the chiropractor medical industry. Contact us at 954-900-6699 for more information.